阅读背景:

在阿里云ECS上部署 Django+MySQL+uWSGI+Nginx 项目的基本流程

来源:互联网 
django==1.10.6
python==3.5.2
Mysql==5.6
uWSGI==2.0.15
Nginx==我也不知道是啥版本的

阿里云ECS服务器好像是自带 SSH 的,否则的话要安装 SSH 才能用 Xshell 进行连接:

apt-get install ssh

使用 xshell 连接 阿里云服务器:

使用 xftp 向 服务器传送文件:

在使用 xshell 成功连接 服务器后,更新一下系统软件:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

接下来安装 MySQL-Server:
Ubuntu16.04 下安装 MySQL 及配置

配置好 MySQL ,使其能够被远程连接:
在windows10环境下远程连接阿里云Ubunutu下MySQL的方法

配置 python 虚拟环境
在Ubuntu16.04下创建只有python3的虚拟环境

在激活虚拟环境的状态下 ,使用 pip 安装 requirements.txt

使用 pip 安装 uswgi:

测试 uwsgi :

(mxonline)~/Documents/MxOnline# uwsgi --http :8000 --module MxOnline.wsgi

在Django 项目的目录下创建 一个 名为 conf 的目录,和一个 uc_nginx.conf 的文件:

(mxonline) ~/Documents/MxOnline# mkdir conf
(mxonline) ~/Documents/MxOnline# vim uc_nginx.conf

uc_nginx.conf 文件的内容如下:

# the upstream component nginx needs to connect to
upstream django {
# server unix:///path/to/your/mysite/mysite.sock; # for a file socket
server 127.0.0.1:8000; # for a web port socket (we'll use this first)
}
# configuration of the server

server {
# the port your site will be served on
listen 80;
# the domain name it will serve for
server_name 你的ip地址 ; # substitute your machine's IP address or FQDN
charset utf-8;

# max upload size
client_max_body_size 75M; # adjust to taste

# Django media
location /media {
alias 你的目录/Mxonline/media; # 指向django的media目录
}

location /static {
alias 你的目录/Mxonline/static; # 指向django的static目录
}

# Finally, send all non-media requests to the Django server.
location / {
uwsgi_pass django;
include uwsgi_params; # the uwsgi_params file you installed
}
}

将该配置文件加入到nginx的启动配置文件中:

(mxonline) ~/Documents/MxOnline# cp uc_nginx.conf /etc/nginx/conf.d/

重启 nginx 服务,再 查看 nginx 的状态:

(mxonline) ~/Documents/MxOnline# service nginx restart
(mxonline)~/Documents/MxOnline# ps aux|grep nginx
root 30455 0.0 0.0 117060 1444 ? Ss 16:56 0:00 nginx: master process /usr/sbin/nginx -g daemon on; master_process on;
www-data 30456 0.0 0.1 117420 3116 ? S 16:56 0:00 nginx: worker process
root 30458 0.0 0.0 14224 936 pts/1 S+ 16:56 0:00 grep --color=auto nginx

编辑 Django 项目下的 settings.py:

(mxonline) ~/Documents/MxOnline# vim MxOnline/settings.py

在文件的最后加上这行:

STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, "static")

拷贝静态文件:

python manage.py collectstatic

新建 uwsgi 配置文件:

(mxonline) :~/Documents/MxOnline/conf# vim uwsgi.ini
# mysite_uwsgi.ini file
[uwsgi]

# Django-related settings
# the base directory (full path)
chdir = /home/bobby/Projects/MxOnline
# Django's wsgi file
module = MxOnline.wsgi
# the virtualenv (full path)

# process-related settings
# master
master = true
# maximum number of worker processes
processes = 10
# the socket (use the full path to be safe
socket = 127.0.0.1:8000
# ... with appropriate permissions - may be needed
# chmod-socket = 664
# clear environment on exit
vacuum = true
virtualenv = /home/bobby/.virtualenvs/mxonline

使用 uwsgi 命令启动项目:

(mxonline) :~/Documents/MxOnline/conf# uwsgi -i uwsgi.ini 

修改settings.py 下的 DEBUG=False:

(mxonline) root@iZwz9gpk937zdkd26kcppcZ:~/Documents/MxOnline# vim MxOnline/settings.py

修改 nginx 配置文件:

vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

将第一行改为:

user root

重启 nginx:

pkill -f nginx

再用启动 nginx:

nginx

查看 uwsgi 状态:

ps aux|grep uwsgi

重启 uwsgi:

pkill -f uwsgi

查看 uwsgi 状态并重启:

ps aux|grep uwsgi &

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